Here’s a list of the essential tests that should be started in your 30s:
- Complete Blood Count (CBC): It is used to diagnose anaemia, infections, certain types of cancer, and so on.
- Blood Pressure Test: A reading below 120/80 is ideal.
- Blood Sugar Test: Helps to detect diabetes.
- Lipid Profile: Helps to evaluate your heart health, and measures the total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL levels.
- ECG Test: Checks for the risk of heart disease.
- Liver Function Test: Screens for liver conditions, such as alcohol-induced liver damage, fatty liver, Hepatitis C and B.
- Urine Analysis: Checks for presence of proteins, sugar and blood which could indicate kidney disease, among other conditions.
- Kidney Function Test: May indicate impaired kidney function.
- Thyroid Function Tests: Detects underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
- Test For Vitamin D Deficiency: It increases the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis in later years, among other things.
- Pap Smear Test (For Women): It can catch pre-cancerous changes in the cervix.
- Screening For STIs: Checks for sexually transmitted infections, like syphilis, gonorrhoea, HIV, Hepatitis B and C.
In your 40s additional tests should be added:
- Test For Prostate Cancer (For Men)
- Mammogram, breast cancer screening (For Women)
- Test For Calcium: checks for the risk for developing osteoporosis.
- Uric Acid Test: Detects gout (painful swelling of toes and ankles).
- Stool Occult Test: It tests for hidden blood in the sample. It’s important because it could mean bleeding in the abdomen, gut or rectum.
In your 50s: There’s just one new test for you, along with previous diagnostics:
- Colonoscopy: It helps detect colon cancer.