Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that is spread through the air by breathing, coughing, or sneezing. From the 28th of December 2018 to the 3rd of January, 2,305 people contracted measles in Ukraine — 966 adults and 1,339 children.
Measles signs and symptoms appear around 10 to 14 days after exposure to the virus.Signs and symptoms of measles typically include:
- Dry cough
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- Inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis)
- Tiny white spots on a red background found inside the mouth on the inner lining of the cheek — also called Koplik’s spots
- A skin rash made up of large, flat blotches that often flow into one another
Call your doctor if you think you or your child may have been exposed to measles or if you or your child has a rash resembling measles.
Take steps to prevent illness:
- Wash your hands often.
- If soap and water aren’t available, clean your hands with hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol).
- Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to touch your face, make sure your hands are clean.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
- Try to avoid close contact, such as kissing, hugging, or sharing eating utensils or cups, with people who are sick.