With onset of warm sunny days, along with a season of walks in parks and picnics in forests, the activity of ticks raises. The peak activity of ticks is usually registered in two periods: May-June and August-September. While the bite of these little creatures is not harmful itself, the danger is in ticks’ ability to transmit pathogens of viral and bacterial diseases.
The risk of getting agents from infected tick into humans’ organism increases with the time of suction: the longer a tick is on the body, the greater the risk of infection is.
What diseases are the most actual?
Tick-borne encephalitis –ahuman viral infectious disease mainly involving the central nervous system. The tick-borne encephalitis begins acutely with flu-like symptoms:
- muscle and joint aches
Lyme disease (Lyme borreliosis) – a bacterial infection, which in addition to nonspecific symptoms at the early stages, appears with rash area forming a bull’s-eye pattern. The rash (erythema migrans) expands slowly over days and can spread to 30 cm across.It may feel warm to the touch but is rarely itchy or painful.
Both diseases can be fully treated, if found out early, or cause health disorders leading to disability and death.
How to prevent?
Due to the fact that above mentioned diseases are transmitted by the bite of infected ticks, the main prevention measure of infection is avoiding tick bites through the following methods:
- wearing protective clothing with long sleeves and long trousers;
- covering had with a hat or hood;
- using insect repellent;
- checking skin after outdoor walks;
- washing all clothing after outside recreation in hot water;
- if traveling to epidemic areas it is recommended to make vaccination against viral encephalitis.
In case of tick bite it is necessary to see a doctor immediately for receiving medical care and prevent dangerous infectious diseases. You may call your AMC Lviv clinic 24/7 at +38 032 253 70 00 to schedule a clinic or home/hotel appointment.